COMPREHENSIVE Supplement Ingredient List

Ingredient
Reference Guide

Explore the building blocks of our formulations.

Compiled by our research and development team, our Ingredient Reference Guide allows you to access comprehensive profiles for all ingredients used in ProEnzol digestive and systemic supplements. Learning the key health benefits of the individual ingredients allows for a better understanding of the overall efficacy of each product.

Botanicals

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Acerola Cherry

Acerola Cherry

Malpighia emarginata

Alternative Names

• Barbados Cherry

Health Benefits

• Shown to alleviate signs of vitamin c deficiency including severe fatigue, rough/dry skin, easy bruising and painful joints.*
• May help to mitigate and minimise the visible signs of ageing.*
• Helps to accelerate collagen synthesis for hair, nail and skin health.*
• May alleviate environmental damage and help to rejuvenate skin cells.*
• Shown to hydrate the skin by inhibiting transepidermal water loss*
• Has Anti-inflammatory properties which may help to reduce skin redness and improve firmness and complexion.*
• Research has also shown that high intake stimulates the production of multiple immune cells including Lymphocytes, Phagocytes and T-Cells.*
• May help reduce the risk of memory loss and associated cognitive decline.*
• Shown to help reduce inflammation and oxidation in the tissues of the body.*

Part Used

• Fruit

Key Constituents

• Vitamin C
• Phytonutrients (phenolic acids)
• Flavonoids
• Anthocyanins
• Carotenoids (β-carotene, lutein, β-cryptoxanthin and α-carotene)

Native Habitat

• Central & South America

Amla

Amla

Phyllanthus emblica

Alternative Names

• Indian Gooseberry

Health Benefits

• Maintains healthy ophthalmic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, liver, joints, and menstrual cycle.*
• Helps maintain cholesterol and blood glucose levels already in normal range.*
• Supports metabolic functions. Stimulates insulin secretion.*
• Has antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties.*
• May promote healthy inflammatory markers.*
• Promising delivery system for hair follicle targeting to promote hair growth.*
• Beneficial roles in protection of liver.*
• Enhances liver cell recovery by keeping the levels of AST, ALT, IL-1beta in normal range.*
• Supports healthy joints.*

Part Used

• Fruit

Key Constituents

• Polyphenols (ellagic acid, chebulinic acid, gallic acid, chebulagic acid, apeigenin, quercetin, corilagin, leutolin)
• Flavone glycosides, phenolic glycosides, and flavonol glycosides
• Tannins (emblicanin A, emblicanin B, phyllaemblicin B, and punigluconoin)

Native Habitat

• Asia

Andrographis

Andrographis

Andrographis paniculata

Alternative Names

• Indian Echinacea

Health Benefits

• Supports healthy joints.*
• May improve concentration and sleep quality.*
• Shows antioxidant activity that helps protect against oxidative damage caused by free radical damage.*
• Supports healthy digestions and detoxification by stimulating liver enzymes and promoting healthy bile flow.*
• May relieve the symptoms of uncomplicated upper respiratory tract illnesses.*
• Supports healthy immune functions.*

Products Featuring Andrographis

Part Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Andrographolide
• Diterpenoids (andrographolide, neoandro-grapholide and dehydroandrographolide)
• Diterpenoids
• Flavonoids
• Polyphenols
• Lactones
• Alkanes
• Aldehydes
Ketones

Native Habitat

• India & Sri Lanka

Artichoke

Artichoke

Cynara scolymus

Alternative Names

• Globe Artichoke
• French Artichoke
• Green Artichoke

Health Benefits

• Promotes efficient cholesterol metabolism.*
• Helps maintain a healthy ratio of HDL cholesterol to LDL cholesterol and normal total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood.*
• Shown to support normal digestive function, especially the production and flow of bile required for proper fat digestion.*
• Exhibits strong antioxidant properties.*
• May aid in preserving healthy liver function and in protecting the liver from toxins and harmful microorganisms.*

Products Featuring Artichoke

Part Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Phenolic Acids (cynarin, chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid)
• Sesquiterpene Lactones (cynaropicrin, grosheimol)
• Flavonoids (luteolin, cynaroside, scolymoside, apigenin, ferulic acid)
• Inulin

Native Habitat

• Southern Europe & Northern Africa

Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha

Withania somnifera

Alternative Names

• Withania
• Indian Ginseng

Health Benefits

• Helps the body cope with stress and preserve homeostasis, particularly in the endocrine and immune systems.*
• Shown to be useful in countering the adverse effects of long-term stress by helping to maintain normal levels of stress mediators such as cortisol.*
• May be beneficial for anxiety by encouraging normal activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.*
• Promotes a healthy immune response by helping to modulate the production and activity of immune cells.*
• Demonstrates a positive effect on thyroid function.*

Part Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Steroidal lactones (withanolides, withaferins)
• Alkaloids
• Saponins

Native Habitat

• India, Middle East, & Africa

Asparagus

Asparagus

Asparagus officinalis

Alternative Names

• Garden Asparagus
• Sparrow Grass

Health Benefits

• Provides a good dietary source of vitamins C, E, B6 and folic acid as well as several minerals including calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese and potassium.*
• Supplies other nutrients like flavonoids, carotenoids and amino acids.*

Products Featuring Asparagus

Parts Used

• Root
• Shoots

Key Constituents

• Steroidal Saponins (asparagosides)
• Amino Acids (asparagine, aspartic acid)
• Flavonoids (rutin, isoquercitrin)
• Carotenoids
• Vitamins
• Minerals

Native Habitat

• Europe, Northern Africa, Middle East, & Asia

Astragalus

Astragalus

Astragalus membranaceus

Alternative Names

• Milk Vetch
• Huang Qi

Health Benefits

• Supports healthy immune cell levels and activity.*
• Helps maintain normal immune resistance to a broad spectrum of harmful microorganisms.*
• Shown to assist in modulating the formation of various cytokines encouraging a normal inflammatory response.*
• Exhibits antioxidant properties which may have gastroprotective effects.*
• Aids the body in adapting to external influences and has a positive impact on stamina and physical endurance.*
• May help preserve glycemic balance as well as healthy myocardial, hepatic and renal functions.*

Part Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Saponins (inlcuding astragaloside)
• Flavonoids (including isoflavones such as formononetin and calycosin, flavonols such as kumatakenin, pterocarpans and isoflavans)
• Polysaccharides
• Coumarins
• Amino Acids (including asparagine)
• Sterols

Native Habitat

• Mongolia, Northern & Eastern China

Bacopa

Bacopa

Bacopa monnieri

Alternative Names

• Water Hyssop
• Brahmi
• Indian Pennywort

Health Benefits

• Demonstrates beneficial cognitive effects in healthy humans.*
• Shown to improve several aspects of mental performance and learning ability in healthy students.*
• May have a positive impact on hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattentiveness.*
• Supports short-term retention of information in healthy elderly individuals.*
• Helps protect cholinergic neurons from oxidative damage and beta-amyloid toxicity.*
• Promotes feelings of calmness and well-being which may be helpful for anxiety.*
• Helps maintain normal adaptive responses to stress.*

Products Featuring Bacopa

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Triterpenoid Glycosides (bacosides, bacopasides, bacosaponins)
• Alkaloids (brahmine, nicotinine, herpestine)
• Saponins (hersaponin, monnierin)
• Triterpenes (betulinic acid, cucurbitacins, bacosine)
• Phenylethanoid Glycosides (monnierasides, plantainosides)
• Flavones (apigenin)
• Phytosterols (beta-stigmasterol, stigmastanol)
• D-Mannitol

Native Habitat

• India & Sri Lanka

Bamboo

Bamboo

Bambusa vulgaris

Alternative Names

• Common Bamboo

Health Benefits

• High in essential vitamins and minerals essential for biochemical reactions within your body’s cells.*
• May help decrease cholesterol levels and improve heart health.*
• Promotes digestive health by being both high in fiber and acting as a prebiotic for beneficial bacteria in the gut.*

Products Featuring Bamboo

Part Used

• Shoots

Key Constituents

• Vitamins (E, K, riboflavin, thiamin)
• Minerals (copper, silica, iron, phosphorous, potassium)
• Alkaloids
• Tannins
• Phenolics
• Glycosides
• Saponins
• Flavonoids
• Anthraquinones.

Native Habitat

• Asia

Beet

Beet

Beta vulgaris

Alternative Names

• Red Beet

Health Benefits

• Supports healthy liver and gallbladder function.*
• Shown to help protect against fat and toxin accumulation in the liver.*
• Helps maintain normal lipid levels in the blood.*
• Promotes normal cell hydration.*
• May assist muscles in working more efficiently during exercise, improving energy and stamina.*

Products Featuring Beet

Part Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Betalains
• Betaine
• Nitrates
• B-Vitamins
• Iron
• Magnesium
• Potassium
• Manganese

Native Habitat

• Worldwide

Black Cohosh

Black Cohosh

Cimicifuga racemosa

Alternative Names

• Black Snakeroot
• Squawroot

Health Benefits

• Shown to have a positive influence on sensory receptors responsible for temperature, neurotransmitter and hormone homeostasis helping to reduce hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings and sleep disturbances associated with menopause.*
• May support normal bone metabolism.*
• Helps maintain the normal release of cytokines promoting a healthy inflammatory response.*
• May have a beneficial effect on menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome.*

Products Featuring Black Cohosh

Part Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Triterpene glycosides (actein, cimicifugoside, 27-deoxyacetein)
• Phytosterin
• Organic Acids (including isoferulic acids, fukinolic adi, salicylic acid, caffeic acid)
• Tannins
• Long Chain Fatty Acids

Native Habitat

Canada & Eastern United States

Black Currant

Black Currant

Ribes nigrum

Alternative Names

• Cassis

Health Benefits

• Helps maintain a healthy glycemic profile by having a positive effect on blood levels of insulin and glucose.*
• Exhibits antioxidant properties which promotes a healthy immune response to oxidative stress.*
• Shown to have vasorelaxant effects helping to maintain normal peripheral blood flow which may have a beneficial effect on eye and cardiovascular function.*

Products Featuring Black Currant

Parts Used

• Berries

Key Constituents

• Anthocyanins
• Proanthocyanidins
• Flavonols
• Phenolic acids
• Tannins
• Vitamin C
• Potassium
• Calcium
• Magnesium

Native Habitat

Europe & Asia

Blueberry

Blueberry

Vaccinium sect. Cyanococcus

Alternative Names

• Highbush Berry

Health Benefits

• Acts as powerful antioxidant helping to upregulate enzymes that defend against oxidative stress.*
• May be useful in maintaining natural capillary permeability and integrity.*
• Shown to positively influence visual function by helping to retain normal re-synthesis of rhodopsin, modulation of retinal enzyme activity and adequate microcirculation.*
• Supports normal cytokine levels promoting a healthy inflammatory response.*
• Demonstrates a protective effect on liver and kidney cells.*

Products Featuring Blueberry

Part Used

• Fruit

Key Constituents

• Anthocyanosides
• Vitamin C
• Flavonols (quercetin, catechins)
• Tannins

Native Habitat

• Europe & North America

Broccoli

Broccoli

Brassica oleracea

Alternative Names

• Calabrese

Health Benefits

• Provides a good dietary source of vitamins C, K, E, B6, and folic acid as well as several minerals including calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, and potassium.*
• Supplies phytonutrients that help maintain a healthy immune response.*
• May have a beneficial effect on fasting blood glucose and serum insulin.*

Products Featuring Broccoli

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Glucosinolates (glucoraphanin, glucobrassicin)
• Indole-3-Carbinol
• Sulforaphane,
• Vitamins
• Minerals

Native Habitat

• Mediterranean

Burdock

Burdock

Arctium lappa

Alternative Names

• Niu Bang Zi

Health Benefits

• Demonstrates the ability to help cleanse the body of toxins and metabolic wastes through the blood, lymph and kidneys.*
• May assist in the liver's detoxification process as well as protect liver cells from damage due to toxins.*
• Supports normal immunological activity exhibiting antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects.*
• Detoxifying and immune-boosting properties promote healthy skin and mucus membranes.*

Products Featuring Burdock

Part Used

Root

Key Constituents

• Lignins (arctigenin, arctiin)
• Polyacetylenes
• Inulin
• Tannins
• Miscellaneous Organic Acids, Fatty Acids, and Phenolic Acids (including butyric, caffeic and chlorogenic acids)

Native Habitat

• Europe, Asia, & North America

Butcher’s Broom

Butcher’s Broom

Ruscus aculeatus

Alternative Names

• Knee-holly
• Box Holly

Health Benefits

• Shown to improve symptoms of fatigue, heaviness, and tension in the legs.*
• May assist in retinal blood circulation.*
• May decrease the diameter of some veins in the legs and increases blood flow by constriction of venules without affecting arterioles or mean arterial pressure.*
• Provides a protective effect on capillaries, vascular endothelium, and smooth muscle, reducing capillary fragility and strengthening blood vessels.*
• Helps reduce the breakdown of elastin by elastase in blood vessel walls which leads to decreased capillary permeability.*

Products Featuring Butcher's Broom

Parts Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Steroidal saponins (ruscogenin, neoruscogenin)
• Sterols
• Triterpenes
• Flavonoids
• Coumarins
• Sparteine
• Tyramine
• Glycolic acid

Native Habitat

• Northern Africa, Asia, & Europe

Caraway

Caraway

Carum carvi

Alternative Names

• Wild Cumin

Health Benefits

• Supports antihistamine activity.*
• May have antibacterial effect activity against gram-positive bacteria.*
• May inhibit production of glucose by the liver or increase uptake of glucose by peripheral tissues.*
• Has antifungal activity.*
• Strong diuretic action without causing renal toxicity via furosemide-like activity and thiazide-like activity.*
• Stimulation of the gastric mucosa, which activates the vagus nerve, leading to an increase of stomach tonus and rhythmic contraction.*
• May also have effects on bile flow, eructation of air from the stomach and an increase in gastric secretion.*
• May balance the microflora of the gut to help improve food digestion and absorption.*
• Antioxidant properties that lead to stimulation of apoptosis.*
• May have stimulating effects on the thyroid, which may contribute to decreased body weight.*

Products Featuring Caraway

Part Used

• Seed

Key Constituents

• D-carvone
• Limonene
• beta-Myrcene
• trans-Dihydrocarvone
• trans-Carveol
• Thymol
• Flavonoids

Native Habitat

• Asia, Africa, & Europe

Carrot

Carrot

Daucus carota

Alternative Names

• European Wild Carrot

Health Benefits

• Provides a rich source of beta carotene converted in the body to vitamin A.*
• Supports normal growth and development and proper function of skin, eyes and immune system.*
• Also, a good source of vitamin C and K, biotin, B-vitamins, calcium, iron and potassium.*

Products Featuring Carrot

Part Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Carotenoids (alpha- and beta-carotenes)
• Lignans (enterodiol, enterolactone)
• Pectin
• Vitamins
• Minerals

Native Habitat

• Europe & Asia

Chaga Mushroom

Chaga Mushroom

Inonotus obliquus

Alternative Names

• Birch Conk

Health Benefits

• Maintain blood glucose levels in normal range.*
• Supports inflammatory balance by inhibiting the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) by down-regulating the binding activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB).*
• Chaga may reduce hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA damage in lymphocytes.*
• Exhibits antioxidant activity towards numerous free radicals.*
• Can support a healthly level of platelet aggregation.*
• Can enhance immune function via the proliferation and polyclonal IgM antibody production in B cells, nitrite production, expression of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in macrophages.*
• Supports healthy lipid ratios with ideal serum levels of free fatty acids, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL) already within normal range.*

Products Featuring Chaga Mushroom

Parts Used

• Sclerotium
• Fruiting Body

Key Constituents

• Flavonoids
• Triterpenoids
• Sterols
• Polysaccharides
• Melanin and other pigments
• Inhibitors of melanin formation
• Polyphenols, including inonoblins and phelligridins

Native Habitat

• Europe, Russia, Korea, United States, & Canada

Chanca Piedra

Chanca Piedra

Phyllanthus niruri

Alternative Names

• Stone-Breaker

Health Benefits

• Potential relief for constipation, dyspepsia, tenesmus, lack of appetite, and stomach ache with its antispasmodic activity.*
• Protective against ethanol-induced gastric lesions, decreasing motality, ulcers, and bleeding due to its protective effects and antioxidant activity.*
• Antioxidant effects may explain its hepatoprotective effects.*
• Promotes liver health with the regulation of adipocytokines, reduction of the expression of adipogenic genes, and antiangiogenic effects.*
• Has been used traditionally and in clinical studies to help with kidney stones (stone-breaker).*
• May interfere with the formation of kidney stones by reducing crystals aggregation and crystal interaction with tubular cells.*
• Appears to reduce the deposition of calcium crystals in the kidneys possibly by inhibiting endocytosis of calcium oxalate.*
• Appears to have diuretic effects which may also aid in the clearance of kidney stones.*
• Reduces plasma uric acid levels, possibly by increasing uric acid excretion.*

Products Featuring Chanca Piedra

Parts Used

• Whole herb

Key Constituents

• Lignans (phyllanthin, hypophyllanthin, phyltetralin, hinokinin, lintetralin, niranthin, and nirtetralin)
• Phenolic acids (brevifolin, repandusinic acid, gallic acid, phyllanthusiin D, rutin, carboxylic acid, and quercetin elagic acid, astragalin, nirurin, diosgenin, niruriside, gallocatechin, and niruriflavone)
• Tannins (geraniin, corilagin)

Native Habitat

• Central & South America.

Chaste Tree

Chaste Tree

Vitex agnus-castus

Alternative Names

• Chasteberry

Health Benefits

• Shown to positively influence dopamine activity in the pituitary gland suppressing the release of prolactin and follicle stimulating hormone while increasing the release of luteinizing hormone.*
• These hormonal changes help maintain a healthy balance of progesterone and estrogen throughout the menstrual cycle.*
• Assists in relieving symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) including breast tenderness, cramping, irritability, mood swings, headaches and sleep disturbances.*
• May have a beneficial effect on irregular periods and menopausal symptoms.*

Products Featuring Chaste Tree

Part Used

• Berries

Key Constituents

• Essential Oils (limonene, cineol, pinene, sabinene)
• Iridoid Glycosides (aucubin, agnuside, eurostide)
• Flavonoids (casticin, kaempferol, quercetagetin, orientin, isovitexin, apigenin), Alkaloids (viticine)
• Diterpenes (vitexilactone, rotundifuran)
• Essential Fatty Acids (oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid)

Native Habitat

• Mediterranean & Western Asia

Chlorella

Chlorella

Chlorella vulgaris

Alternative Names

• Freshwater Seaweed
• Green Algae

Health Benefits

• Provides a rich source of chlorophyll, carotenoids, protein, lipids, carbohydrates, fiber, nucleic acids, vitamins, and minerals.*
• Shown to help detoxify the body, maintain a healthy immune and antioxidant defense, and preserve a normal inflammatory response.*
• Supports ideal blood sugar levels in the normal range.*
• Helps to maintain cholesterol levels that are already within the normal range. *

Products Featuring Chlorella

Parts Used

• Whole Algae

Key Constituents

• Chlorophyll
• Carotenoids
• Lipids (omega 3 and 6 fatty acids)
• Nucleic acids
• Vitamins (C, B6, methylcobalamin, folate, K)
• Minerals (iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, calcium)
• Sporopollein

Native Habitat

• Japan & Taiwan

Cinnamon

Cinnamon

Cinnamomum verum

Alternative Names

• Ceylon Cinnamon

Health Benefits

• Shown to help maintain normal blood glucose, insulin and lipid levels.*
• Supports a healthy immune defense against many harmful microorganisms.*
• Exhibits antispasmodic and carminative properties with a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract.*
• Promotes healthy cardiovascular, hepatic and neurological function throughout its antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities.*

Part Used

• Bark

Key Constituents

• Essential Oil (cinnamaldehyde, eugenol)
• Tannins (cinnamtannin)
• Coumarins
• Mucilage

Native Habitat

• Sri Lanka, India, & Madagascar

Cleavers

Cleavers

Galium aparine

Alternative Names

• Goose Grass

Health Benefits

• Supports a healthy lymphatic system by promoting normal T-and B-lymphocyte activity and helping to maintain steady lymph circulation and drainage.*
• May act as a general detoxifying agent helping to cleanse the blood and remove excess fluid trapped in body tissues.*
• Shown to have a beneficial effect on the urinary tract and skin.*

Products Featuring Cleavers

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Iridoids (asperuloside, deacetylasperulosidic acid)
• Polyphenolic Acids (caffeic, coumaric, gallic, hydroxybenzoic)
• Alkanes
• Flavonoids (luteolin)
• Tannins

Native Habitat

• Europe, North America, & Asia

Coleus Forskohlii

Coleus Forskohlii

Plectranthus barbatus

Alternative Names

• Blue Spur

Health Benefits

• Stimulates and activates regulatory enzymes in the heart and smooth muscle, as well as the structures of the endocrine system, including the thyroid, pancreas, adrenals and pituitary.*
• Helps maintain cardiovascular function and a healthy circulatory system.*
• Rich in trace elements such as copper, iron, zinc, and selenium which support levels of thyroid hormones in a healthy range and stimulates their release.*
• Supports the production of the protein eumelanin which is connected to skin health.*

Products Featuring Coleus Forskohlii

Parts Used

• Leaves
• Root

Key Constituents

• Diterpenes (Forskolin)
• Phytochemicals (Allylroyleanone, Barbatusin, Plectrin, Plectirinon A, Acetoxycoleosol, Coleol, Coleonone, Coleosol, Deoxycoleonol, Crocetin Dialehyde, Napthopyrones)

Native Habitat

• India & Himalayan Foothills

Cordyceps

Cordyceps

Cordyceps militaris

Alternative Names

• Winter Worm
• Summer Grass

Health Benefits

• Supports immune health and overall wellness by positively influencing immune cell, immunoglobulin and cytokine activity, particularly in the lymphatic system.*
• Exhibits antioxidant properties that assist in the body's defense against oxidative damage.*
• Shown to have a beneficial effect on endocrine, cardiovascular, liver and kidney functions.*
• May support blood sugar and lipid levels within normal range.*
• Promotes healthy energy and stamina by helping to maintain normal levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and oxygen usage during exercise..*

Products Featuring Cordyceps

Part Used

• Fruiting Body

Key Constituents

• Polysaccharides
• beta-Glucans
• Cordycepin
• Cordyceptic Acid
• Cordypyridones
• Sterols (ergosterol)
• Bioanthracenes
• Ophiocordin
• Nucleosides (adenosine)
• Alkenoic Acids

Native Habitat

• China

Corydalis

Corydalis

Corydalis yanhusuo

Alternative Names

• Yan Hu Suo

Health Benefits

• Exhibits a wide range of beneficial actions on the central nervous system, including analgesic and sedative effects.*
• Exerts a positive influence on neurotransmitter activity and blood flow which may provide relief from many different sources of physical discomfort.*
• Supports healthy cardiovascular function focusing on helping to maintain normal platelet aggregation, blood pressure and heart rate.*
• Assists in preserving healthy digestion and normal gastrointestinal peristalsis.*
• Potential effectiveness of anti-oxidant agents on PMS.*
• Promotes stress resilience, calming, releases tension, reduce occasional anxiety symptoms and can promote sleep.*

Products Featuring Corydalis

Part Used

• Rhizome

Key Constituents

• Isoquinoline Alkaloids (including dehydrocorydaline, corydine, corydaline, columbamine, palmatine, dehydrocorybulbine, tetrahydropalmatine, tetrahydrocorysamine, tetrahydrocoptisine, tetrahydroberberine, tetrahydrocolumbamine, noroxyhydrastine, protopine, coptisine, herberine, 8-oxocoptisine, glaucine, oxoglaucine, medicarpin, dehydrocavidine, 13-methyl-palmatrubine, 13-methyl-columbamine, stepharanine, adenosine, N5 -acetylornithine)
• Carboxylic Acids
• Volatile Oils
• Amino Acids

Native Habitat

• Siberia, Northern China, & Japan

Dandelion

Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

Alternative Names

• Lions-tooth
• Blowball
• Cankerwort

Health Benefits

• Displays anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting leukotrienes, cytokines, and prostaglandins.*
• Shown to improve urinary tract infection symptoms and bacteriuria.*
• Has diuretic activity and promotes urinary function.*
• Promotes hormonal balance and optimal health of the reproductive system.*
• Helps to increase bile production in the gallbladder and bile flow from the liver.*
• Shown to increase insulin secretion, improving glucose metabolism.*
• May help detoxify both the liver and gallbladder.*
• Promotes hormonal balance and optimal health of the reproductive system.*

Parts Used

• Root
• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Flavonoids (quercetin, luteolin)
• Sesquiterpene Lactones (taraxacoside, eudesmanolide, germacranolide, tetrahydroridentin)
• Polyphenols (p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, chlorogenic acid, chicoric acid, monocaffeyltartaric acid)
• Vitamins (A, C, B-complex)
• Minerals (potassium, iron)
• Bitter Glycosides
• Carotenoids (lutein, violaxanthin)
• Coumarins (scopoletin, aesculetin, aesculin, cichoriin)
• Terpenoids (arnidiol, faradiol).

Native Habitat

• Europe, Asia, & North America

Dong Quai

Dong Quai

Angelica sinensis

Alternative Names

• Chinese Angelica
• Dang Gui
• Female Ginseng

Health Benefits

• Ligustilide is shown to promote nonspecific antispasmodic activity, especially for uterine muscles.*
• May help regulate and normalize the menstrual cycle.*
• Shown to help reduce migraines and hot flashes associated with menstruation.*
• Reduced levels of urinary oxidative stress, oxalate, creatinine, urea and urolithiasis-related protein have been observed.*
• Has the potential to inhibit CaOx crystallization in vitro and may present anti-urolithiatic effects.*
• Potential to enrich blood, promote blood circulation and modulate the immune system.*

Products Featuring Dong Quai

Part Used

• Rhizome

Key Constituents

• Coumarins
• Butylidine
• Phthalide
• Ligustilide
• Sesquiterpenes
• Carvacrol
• Vitamin B12
• beta-Sitosterol
• Phyto-Sterol
• Ferulic acids

Native Habitat

• China & Japan

Echinaecea

Echinaecea

Echinacea purpurea

Alternative Names

• Purple Coneflower

Health Benefits

• Shows ability to stimulate an immune response, including activating phagocytes, lymphocytes, neutrophils, natural killer cells and macrophages.*
• Reported to have antimicrobial and antifungal effects.*
• Shows mild anti-inflammatory activity by ability to inhibit cyclooxygenase, lipogenase and possibly cytokines.*
• Demonstrates antioxidant activity and protects against free radical damage.*
• Can enhance wound healing and growth of epithelial tissue.*
• Increases levels and activity of T lymphocytes, neutrophils, and natural killer (NK) cells.*

Products Featuring Echinacea

Parts Used

• Flower
• Root

Key Constituents

• Alkamides (isobutylamides with olefinic and acetylenic bonds)
• Caffeic acids esters (echinacoside and cynarin)
• Polysaccharides
• Humulene
• Echinolone
• Betanine

Native Habitat

• Central United States

Elderberry

Elderberry

Sambucus nigra

Alternative Names

• Elder
• European Elderberry
• Black Elder

Health Benefits

• Used to support respiratory health.*
• Shows diuretic properties may help reduce edema in mucous membranes, such as the sinuses and respiratory tract.*
• Contains flavonoids, which have antioxidant activity and may help protect cells against oxidative damage.*
• May improve glucose metabolism and insulin secretion. Supports immune system stimulation.*
• Thought to have immunomodulating effects.*
• Polyphenols in elderberry may be responsible for its antioxidant effects.*

Products Featuring Elderberry

Parts Used

• Flowers
• Leaves
• Berries

Key Constituents

• Flavonoids (Rutin)
• Phenolic acids
• Triterpenes
• Sterols
• Mucilage
• Tannins
• Cyanogenic glycosides
• Anthocyanins
• Vitamins A, C

Native Habitat

• Worldwide

Eleuthero

Eleuthero

Eleutherococcus senticosus

Alternative Names

• Siberian Ginseng
• Devil's Bush

Health Benefits

• Shows antioxidant activity that helps protect against oxidative damage caused by free radical damage.*
• Shown to help boosts energy levels by lessening the build up of lactic acid and blood urea nitrogen.*
• May be beneficial at helping stimulate the immune system.*
• Shown to help increase blood flow to the brain, possibly improving overall mental functions.*
• Improves mental and physical performance and reduces harmful effects of stress.*
• Helps support stress resistance and enhances mental and physical performance.*
• May reduce water retention and improve the lymphatic function of the lymph node network.*

Part Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Eleutherosides
• Phenylpropanoids
• Lignans, Coumarins
• Polysaccharides
• Triterpenoid saponins
• Glycans

Native Habitat

• Northeastern Asia

Eyebright

Eyebright

Euphrasia officinalis

Alternative Names

• Aufraise
• Luminet

Health Benefits

• Supports the upper respiratory tract, middle ear, sinuses, and nasal passages.*
• Beneficial for conditions of the eyes.*
• May relieve seasonal symptoms by tightening the mucous membranes.*
• May benefit inflamed, irritated eyes.*
• Supports immune balance in hypersensitive individuals.*
• Supports sinus and respiratory health.*
• Promotes normal viscosity of mucus.*
• Supports healthy nasal passages.*

Products Featuring Eyebright

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Iridoid Glycosides (Aucubin)
• Tannins
• Phenolic acids (caffeic and ferulic)
• Alkaloid, Sterols
• Amino acids
• Choline

Native Habitat

• Europe

Fennel

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Alternative Names

• Sweet Fennel
• Sweet Anise

Health Benefits

• Shown to relieve abdominal pain and abdominal distention associated with flatulence.*
• Increases gastric acid secretion and activity of digestive enzymes, this may aid digestion.*
• Promotes healthy inflammation levels which can contribute to pain reduction.*
• Beneficial for the respiratory tract through bronchodilation.*
• Appears to improve gastrointestinal symptoms by acting as an antispasmodic, possibly by decreasing acetylcholine-induced contraction.*
• Decreases levels of serum glucose and increases the activity of glutathione peroxidase.*
• Supports lipid levels in a healthy range.*

Products Featuring Fennel

Part Used

• Seed

Key Constituents

• Phenylpropanoids (trans-anithole)
• Terpenoids (Fenchone, α-pinene & β-pinene)
• beta-carotene
• Vitamin C
• Minerals (calcium, magnesium, and iron)
• Estragole

Native Habitat

• Southern Mediterranean, Asia, North America, & Europe

Flaxseed

Flaxseed

Linum usitatissimum

Alternative Names

• Flax
• Linseed

Health Benefits

• Rich source of fatty acids, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids with the majority of fatty acid content coming from alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid.*
• Provides soluble fiber and mucilage, which slows emptying, prolongs absorption, and increases bulk in the gastrointestinal tract.*
• Fiber promotes bile acid synthesis and fecal elimination of bile acids.*
• May support cholesterol levels in a healthy range.*
• Supports insulin levels in the normal range.*
• Rich source of lignans, which are phytoestrogens with weak estrogenic and possibly anti-estrogenic effects.*
• May support healthy inflammatory actions through the suppression of interleukins, leukotrienes, and free radicals.*
• Promotes healthy bone and renal function.*

Products Featuring Flaxeed

Part Used

• Seed

Key Constituents

• Linolenic acids
• Linoleic acids
• Mucilage
• Linamarin (cyanogenic glycoside)

Native Habitat

• Europe & Asia

Garlic

Garlic

Allium sativum

Alternative Names

• Stinking Rose

Health Benefits

• Supports a healthy immune response to harmful bacteria, particularly in the ears, nose, throat, and chest.*
• May help protect against yeast and other fungal growth.*
• Contains sulfur compounds shown to boost levels of glutathione, an essential antioxidant in the body.*
• Helps protect endothelial cells in blood vessels and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) from oxidative stress.*
• Exhibits antiplatelet and fibrinolytic properties promoting normal blood viscosity and circulation.*
• May have a positive impact on blood pressure by influencing nitric oxid production which has been shown to relax smooth muscles and dilate blood vessels.*
• Helps maintain healthy cholesterol and glucose levels in the blood.*
• An excellent source of bioavailable selenium.*

Products Featuring Garlic

Parts Used

• Cloves
• Bulbs

Key Constituents

• Organosulfur compounds (including alliin, allicin, ajoene, s-allyl-l-cysteine, scordinins)
• Steroidal Saponins
• Phenolic compounds (including beta-resorcylic acid, quercetin)
• Amino Acids (including arginine)
• Minerals (including Selenium)

Native Habitat

• Worldwide

Ginger

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

Alternative Names

• Sheng Jian
• Singabera

Health Benefits

• It may reduce nausea, vomiting and gastrointestinal (GI) upset.*
• Shows antiemetic activity primarily on the GI tract.*
• Supports healthy inflammatory markers through the ability to inhibit cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenases, leukotrienes, and prostaglandins.*
• May protect intestinal tissue by increasing levels of protective prostaglandins.*
• May increase insulin release and lower blood cholesterol levels.*
• Supports platelet aggregation needed to maintain homeostasis.*
• Helps maintain healthy cardiovascular function.*
• Shown to have stimulatory effect on thyroid hormones.*

Parts Used

• Rhizome

Key Constituents

• Camphene
• Phellandrene
• Zingiberine
• Zingiberol
• Eucalyptol
• Citral
• Borneol
• Linalol
• Gingerol
• Zingerone
• Shogaols

Native Habitat

• Asia

Ginkgo

Ginkgo

Ginkgo biloba

Alternative Names

• Maidenhair
• Bai Guo

Health Benefits

• Reduces lipid peroxidation of cell membranes and oxidation of red blood cells, retinal tissue and neurons, especially after ischemia.*
• May be protective against tissue degeneration.*
• Decreases biosynthesis of glucocorticoids, further contributing to neuroprotection and decreasing effects of stress.*
• Improves cerebral, coronary and peripheral circulation and capillary blood flow.*
• Decreases blood viscosity and platelet aggregation.*
• Regulates vascular smooth muscle contraction and relaxation.*
• Reduces vasospasms and vascular permeability.*
• Might increase insulin levels and decrease hyperglycemia.*
• Regulates focus, behavior, is calming and improves frustration tolerance.*
• Alleviates some symptoms of menopause via an improvement to the central serotonin transmission.*
• Ginkgo and its molecules, ginkgolide B and allopregnenolone can be beneficial for reproduction functions.*
• Supports physical and psychological symptoms associated with the menstrual cycle.*
• Might support symptoms related to hyperactivity, and impulsivity.*
• Helps maintain proper respiratory function.*

Products Featuring Ginkgo

Parts Used

• Leaves
• Seeds

Key Constituents

• Ginkgo-flavone glycosides
• Terpene lactones
• Quercetin
• Kaempferol
• Isorhamnetin
• Ginkgolides
• Bilobalide

Native Habitat

• China

Goldenrod

Goldenrod

Solidago virgaurea

Alternative Names

• Woundwort

Health Benefits

• Demonstrated biological activity with receptors implicated in the mediation of pain.*
• May inhibited the growth of Candida.*
• May prevent accumulation of urinary calculi by increasing calcium excretion.*
• Help regulate contractions of bladder tissues.*
• Supports respiratory system through the polyphenolic compounds which could be responsible for the bronchodilation effects and cough suppressant activity.*
• Promotes bladder control through the effects mediated by the inhibition of protein kinase C resulting in the relaxation of the smooth muscle.*
• Provides an anti-muscarinic effects on the M2 and M3 receptors, which results in the inhibition of the bladder contractions.*
• Promotes healthy kidneys, bladder, and prostate gland.*
• Helps in maintaining the health of the urinary tract and the normal functioning of the digestive system.*

Products Featuring Goldenrod

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Deoxy Sugars (rhamnose, arabinose, uronic acid, galactose)
• Triterpenoid Saponins (thymol, alpha-cubebene, leiocarposide, carvacrol, virgaurea)
• Phenolic acids and glycosides
• Flavones (quercetin, kaempferol, and rutin)

Native Habitat

• Europe

Gotu Kola

Gotu Kola

Centella asiatica

Alternative Names

• Indian Pennywort
• Hydrocotyle

Health Benefits

• Helps maintain healthy venous circulation and fluid balance primarily in the legs.*
• May have a beneficial effect on collagen synthesis and connective tissue remodeling.*
• Appears to protect against damage to gastrointestinal tissue and strengthen its mucosal lining.*

Products Featuring Gotu Kola

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Triterpenoid Saponins (asiaticocide, brahmoside, centelloside, madecassoside, thankuniside)
• Alkaloids (hydrocotyline)
• Essential Oils
• Flavonoids
• Flavones (including quercetin, kaempferol, sesquiterpenes, sitosterol, stigmasterol)

Native Habitat

• India & Pakistan

Grape

Grape

Vitis vinifera

Alternative Names

• Calzin
• Draksha
• Enocianina

Health Benefits

• Exhibits potent antioxidant properties.*
• Encourages protection against lipid peroxidation.*
• Supports proper vasodilation and overall vascular function.*
• Offers hypotensive and antiplatelet effects.*
• Inhibits histamine release and cell proliferation.*
• Appears to increase serum antioxidant potential and maintains protein and LDL oxidation in healthy people.*
• Maintains cholesterol homeostasis and increases LDL-receptor activity.*
• Helps maintain proper joint function.*
• Grape flavonoids myricetin, kaempferol, and quercetin have been associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease.*
• Maintains healthy liver antioxidant enzyme levels.*
• Effective in improving the physical and psychological symptoms associated with menopause.*
• Supports ability to concentrate and focus.*
• Shown to downregulate the proinflammatory gene expression of IL-1β and iNOS in cultured macrophages.*
• Shown to have free radical scavenging, cellular antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.*
• Nurtures the body’s immune and antioxidant systems, aiding inflammatory balance.*
• Upregulates Nrf2 transactivation.*

Part Used

• Seed

Key Constituents

• Oligomeric proanthocyanidins
• Resveratrol
• Polyphenols
• Flavonoids
• Flavone glycosides
• Tannins
• Tartrates
• Inositol
• Carotenes
• Choline
• Tartaric and Malic acids
• Pectin
• Vitamins A, B1, B2, C, E

Native Habitat

Southern Europe & Western Asia

Green Tea

Green Tea

Camellia sinensis

Alternative Names

• Oolong

Health Benefits

• Reduces smooth muscle proliferation in vessels.*
• Offers anti-inflammatory activity by COX and leukotriene inhibition.*
• Supports healthy joints and cartilage.*
• Aids in bone health with long-term use.*
• Supports cognition and CNS function.*
• Helps to protect neuronal tissue.*
• Promotes a healthy respiratory system.*
• Helps support levels of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract.*
• Nurtures the body’s immune and antioxidant systems, aiding inflammatory balance.*
• Promotes reduced levels of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide reducing postprandial glucose levels.*
• Provides an antioxidant effect, and can scavenge free radicals, chelate redox-active transition-metal ions, inhibit redox-active transcription factors, inhibit pro-oxidant enzymes, and induce antioxidant enzymes.*
• Promotes an increase in the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine.*
• Promotes flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery and helps the function of endothelial cells in blood vessels.*
• Can improve cognitive performance. Maintains cholesterol levels that are already in the normal range.*
• Offers protection from acute liver injury from some environmental pollutants.*
• Supports liver health.*
• Helps the body's natural ability to detoxify.*
• Naturally supports the reduction of prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels.*
• Promotes healthy urinary tract flow and frequency.*
• Helps maintain hormonal balance.*
• Provides nutrients that support prostate health.*

Products Featuring Green Tea

Part Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Xanthines
• Alkaloids (Theobromine, Theophylline, and Caffeine)
• Tannins
• Polyphenols (catechins)
• Epigallocatechin (EGC)
• Epicatechin (EC)
• Epigallocatechingallate (EGCG)
• Epicatecatechingallate (ECG)

Native Habitat

• India, Sri Lanka, & China

Guggul

Guggul

Commiphora mukul

Alternative Names

• Myrrh
• Indian Bdellium

Health Benefits

• Potential to stimulate thyroid function.*
• Potential to balance hormones by being an agonists of estrogen-alpha receptor and progesterone receptor.*
• Promotes healthy lipid levels by supporting the synthesis of cholesterol in the liver and can enhance low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol uptake.*
• Provides an antioxidant effect on lipids.*
• Might reduce secretion of sebum and inhibit bacterial metabolism of triglycerides which induces acne.*
• Promotes thyroid-stimulating effects, seems to increase T3 synthesis by increasing conversion of T4 to T3.*
• Helps to rejuvenate healthy tissues.*
• Promotes supple arteries.*
• Upregulates the bile salt export pump (BSEP), an efflux transporter responsible for removal of cholesterol metabolites, bile acids from the liver.*
• Helps maintain healthy blood vessels.*

Products Featuring Guggul

Part Used

• Gum Resin

Key Constituents

• Ketonic Steroids (Z-guggulsterone and E-guggulsterone)
• Sesquiterpenoids, diterpenoids, and triterpenoids
• Long-Chain Aliphatic tetrols
• Aliphatic Esters
• Ferulates
• Lignans

Native Habitat

• India, Bangladesh, & Pakistan

Gymnema

Gymnema

Gymnema sylvestre

Alternative Names

• Australian Cowplant

Health Benefits

• Acts by reducing absorption of glucose and increasing glucose utilization.*
• May help enhance insulin release.*
• May aid in appetite suppression and weight management.*
• Helps maintain cholesterol and triglyceride levels already in healthy range.*
• Encourages the reduction of intestinal absorption of glucose and may stimulate pancreatic beta-cell growth.*
• Use as a part of your diet to maintain healthy blood sugar levels.*

Products Featuring Gymnema

Part Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Triterpenoid Saponins (Gymneic acids)
• Flaonols
• Gurmarin

Native Habitat

• Asia, Africa, & Australia

Holy Basil

Holy Basil

Ocimum sanctum

Alternative Names

• Tulsi

Health Benefits

• Improved symptoms of stress and/or anxiousness.*
• Ability to reduce stress response as it is considered an adaptogenic remedy.*
• Potential ability to lower stress-induced increases in cholesterol, lactate dehydrogenase, and alkaline phosphatase.*
• Naturally improves sleep problems associated with elevated stress.*
• Reduces frequency of exhaustion that is connected to a stress response.*
• Can decrease the humoral and cell-mediated immune response to stress.*

Products Featuring Holy Basil

Part Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Flavonoids (cirsilineol, cirsimaritin, isothymusin, apigenin, orientin, and vicenin)
• Polyphenols (rosmarinic acid and isothymonin)
• Triterpenoids (ursoloic acid)
• Essential oils (eugenol, methyl eugenol, and caryophyllene)

Native Habitat

• India, Australia, West Africa, & Middle East

Hops

Hops

Humulus lupulus

Alternative Names

• Lupulin

Health Benefits

• Has been shown to help people fall asleep quicker, and improve overall sleep quality.*
• May be beneficial in improving anxiety and daily stressors.*
• Relieves occasional stress and frustration.*
• Helps with occasional sleeplessness.*
• Promotes healthy sleep patterns by diminishing sleep latency.*
• Supports Restorative Sleep and helps induce relaxation.*

Products Featuring Hops

Parts Used

• Strobiles (cone)

Key Constituents

• Bitter Principles (lupulin, humulon, lupulon, valerianic acid)
• Humulene
• Geraniol
• Linalol
• Myricin
• Luparol
• Luparenol
• Flavonoids
• Polyphenolinc Tannins
• Estrogenics
• Asparagine
• Choline

Native Habitat

• Europe & Asia

Horse Chestnut

Horse Chestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum

Alternative Names

• Buckeye
• White Chestnut

Health Benefits

• Shown to help increase blood flow to the veins of the legs.*
• The triterpenoid saponin has anti-inflammatory properties shown to help reduce inflammation and swelling in affected veins.*
• Exhibits antioxidant effects that help prevent free radical damage.*
• Helps reduce pain, tiredness, tension, itching, occasional swelling in the legs associated with enlarged veins.*
• Assists in maintaining proper permeability of venous capillaries.*
• Promotes blood vessel contraction and facilitates venous return. *

Products Featuring Horse Chestnut

Parts Used

• Seeds
• Leaves
• Bark

Key Constituents

• Triterpenoid saponins (aescin)
• Coumarins
• Flavonoids

Native Habitat

• Balkans & Western Asia

Horsetail

Horsetail

Equisetum arvense

Alternative Names

• Bottlebrush
• Snake Grass
• Puzzlegrass

Health Benefits

• Rich source of silicon, which is beneficial in the formation of bone and collagen and may support a healthy bone density.*
• Shown to be beneficial in increasing the excretion of urine from the body.*
• May help inhibit lymphocytes increasing overall anti-inflammatory activity.*
• May support normal bone metabolism.*

Products Featuring Horsetail

Part Used

• Stem

Key Constituents

• Petrosins
• Caffeic Acid
• Hydroxycinnamic Acids
• Triterpenoids
• Sterols
• Tannins
• Saponins
• Flavonoids (equisetumpyrone, genkwanin, protogenkwanin, apigenin, luteolin, kaempferol, quercetin)
• Silicon (silicic acid and silicates)

Native Habitat

• Europe, North Africa, & Northern Asia

Indian Frankincense

Indian Frankincense

Boswellia serrata

Alternative Names

• Boswellia
• Indian Olibanum
• Dhup

Health Benefits

• Shows anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting enzymes and other mediators of inflammation.*
• Appears to support healthy cartilage joints and other soft tissue.*
• May block mediators of autoimmune disorders by reducing antibody production and cell-mediated immunity.*
• Demonstrates ability to stabilize mast cells and block inflammatory compounds.*
• May decrease the inflammatory effects of gastrointestinal disorders.*
• Research suggests boswellic acids stabilize mast cells, which suggests usefulness for optimal airways.*
• Supports enzymes involved in joint health, liver health, glycohydrolase, and beta-glucuronidase.*
• Supports joint integrity and movement.*
• Helps protect cartilage cells.*
• Maintains normal inflammatory balance.*

Products Featuring Indian Frakincense

Parts Used

• Gum Resin

Key Constituents

• Triterpenoids
• Boswellic acid (β-boswellic acid, acetyl-β-boswellic acid, 11-keto-β-boswellic acid and acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid)

Native Habitat

• India, Africa, & Arabian peninsula

Lemon Balm

Lemon Balm

Melissa officinalis

Alternative Names

• Balm Mint

Health Benefits

• Shown to help ease the negative mood effects of psychological stress.*
• May be beneficial in reducing nervousness and excitability.*
• May help improve cognitive function.*
• Shown to help relieve restlessness and difficulties falling asleep.*
• May help alleviate frequent abdominal pain and discomfort by inhibiting the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and activating nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.*
• Shown to reduce anxiety scores during a social stress test by Inducesing a calming and, anxiolytic effect.*
• May possess cholinergic activity or act on gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors.*
• Builds stress resilience and helps maintain healthy HPA axis function.*
• Supports restorative sleep.*
• Helps induce relaxation.*
• Supports positive mood balance.*

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Citral
• Caryophyllene oxide
• Linalool
• Citronellal
• Geraniol
• Nerol
• Flavonoids (diosmin, eriodictyol, eriocitrin, rutin, hesperidin, hesperidin, neohesperidoside, naringenin, eriodictyol glycoside, neodiosmin, rutinoside, chrysoeriol, isorhamnetin, limocitrin, limocitrol, and isolimocitrol)
• Phenolic acid (caffeic acid, ferrulic acid, gallic acid)
• Triterpenoids (d-limonene, linalool, linalyl acetate, β-pinene, γ-terpinene, α-pinene, β-myrcene)
• Monoterpene glycosides
• Aldehydes
• Polyphenols
• Tannins

Native Habitat

• Southern Europe, Mediterranean Basin & Central Asia

Licorice

Licorice

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Alternative Names

• Black Sugar
• Sweetwood

Health Benefits

• Acts as an adrenocorticotrophic agent increasing cortisol levels.*
• Constituents have a similar chemical structure to adrenal hormones, which boosts adrenal function.*
• Blocks metabolism of prostaglandins which may provide anti-inflammatory action.*
• Exhibits antioxidant effects that help prevent free radical damage.*
• Appears to have hepatoprotective and antispasmodic properties.*
• Maintains normal levels of (LDL)-cholesterol.*
• Helps to maintain healthy levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST).*
• Supports healthy liver function and fat metabolism.*
• Enhances liver lipid clearance.*
• Strengthens the body’s stress response.*
• Supports healthy cortisol levels.*

Health Benefits of Deglycyrrhizinated Licorice (DGL)

• May accelerate the healing of peptic ulcers.*
• The therapeutic effect of DGL compares with that of antacids.*
• Potential to renew stomach epithelium.*
• Helps alleviate occasional colonic spasms.*
• Helps maintain a healthy mucosal surface in the stomach.*
• Promotes a healthy esophageal lining.*

Part Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Triterpene saponins (glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhetinic acid)
• Flavonoids (isoflavones, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, formonononetin)
• Polysaccharides
• Sterols
• Coumarins
• Asparagin

Native Habitat

• Southeastern Europe & Southwestern Asia

Lion’s Mane Mushroom

Lion’s Mane Mushroom

Hericium erinaceus

Alternative Names

• Hedgehog Fungus

Health Benefits

• Supports immune system by activating macrophages to increase the production of nitric oxide and the expression of cytokines interleukin (IL)-1beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha.*
• May improve symptoms of dysplasia, and reduce inflammatory infiltration in those with chronic atrophic gastritis.*
• May support a lipid profile in a healthy range via the hydroxy-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibition, and possibly a reduction in cholesterol absorption.*
• Maintains a healthy lipid profile including serum glucose, serum insulin, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides.*
• Potentially a neuroprotective effect due to the possibility of the reduction in amyloid beta-induced cytotoxicity.*
• Strengthens the body, reduces fatigue and improves stress resilience.*
• Helps maintain normal inflammatory balance.*
• Helps train the immune system to eliminate unwanted organisms.*

Products Featuring Lion's Mane Mushrrom

Parts Used

• Fruiting Body

Key Constituents

• β-glucan polysaccharides
• Terpenoids (hericenones and erinacine)
• Isoindolinones
• Sterols
• Myconutrients,

Native Habitat

• Northern Hemisphere

Magnolia

Magnolia

Magnolia officinalis

Alternative Names

• Magnoilia-bark

Health Benefits

• Mood supporting effects may be related to altered serotonin turnover in the brain and interactions with dopamine and serotonin receptors.*
• Helps the central nervous system, honokiol and magnolol increases acetylcholine release in the brain, and magnolol appears to modulate serotonergic activity.*
• Reduction in anxiousness due to the modulation of neurotransmitters, enzymes and GABA.*
• May support allergy response by inhibiting the histamine release from mast cells.*
• Supports a healthy stress resilience and maintains a healthy HPA axis function.*
• Promotes normal viscosity of mucus.*
• Supports healthy nasal passages.*

Products Featuring Magnolia

Part Used

• Bark

Key Constituents

• Polyphenolic Neolignans
• Magnolol and Honokiol
• Sesquiterpenoid Alcohols
• α-, β-, and γ-eudesmol
• Glucuronides
• Magnoliaterpenoids

Native Habitat

• Asia, North America, & South America

Maitake Mushroom

Maitake Mushroom

Grifola frondosa

Alternative Names

• Hen of the Woods
• Sheep's Head

Health Benefits

• Beta glucans have been shown to help reduce cholesterol levels, improving overall cardiovascular health.*
• Helps boost the immune system by increasing the production of lymphokines and interleukins.*
• Shown to help lower blood glucose levels by activating insulin receptors.*
• Helps modulate and strengthen the immune response.*
• Shown to strengthen the body, reduce fatigue and improve stress resilience.*
• Helps maintain normal inflammatory balance.*
• Helps train the immune system to eliminate unwanted organisms.*

Products Featuring Maitake Mushroom

Parts Used

• Fruiting Body

Key Constituents

• β-glucan polysaccharides
• Argaricoglycerides

Native Habitat

• China, Europe, & North America

Marshmallow

Marshmallow

Althaea officinalis

Alternative Names

• Sweet Weed

Health Benefits

• Forms protective layer on skin and mucous membranes, such as those lining the digestive and respiratory tracts.*
• Contains chemicals that may suppress cough and facilitate wound healing.*
• Stimulates phagocytosis, thus enhancing immune function.*
• May also possess anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activity.*
• Possibly helps reduce blood glucose levels.*

Products Featuring Marshmallow

Parts Used

• Root
• Leaves
• Flowers

Key Constituents

• Mucilage polysaccharides (galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans)
• Flavonoids
• Glycosides
• Phenolic Acid
• Asparagine

Native Habitat

• Europe, Western Asia, & North Africa

Milk Thistle

Milk Thistle

Silybum marianum

Alternative Names

• Marian Thistle

Health Benefits

• Exhibits strong antioxidant and free radical-scavenging properties.*
• Helps protect the liver and kidney from the damaging effects of oxidative stress and toxic substances.*
• May help protect the pancreas preserving normal insulin secretion and resistance.*
• Shown to assist in regulating cytokines promoting a healthy inflammatory response.*
• Aids in maintaining normal levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL cholesterol.*

Products Featuring Milk Thistle

Part Used

• Seed

Key Constituents

• Flavonolignans (silymarin including silybins and silibinin)

Native Habitat

• Europe, North America, & Asia

Mullein

Mullein

Verbascum thapsus

Alternative Names

• Blanket Leaf
• Feltwort

Health Benefits

• Shown to help the body expel excess mucus and create a soothing coating over nasal and bronchial mucous membranes.
• Contains antimicrobial properties that help protect against environmental pathogens.

Products Featuring Mullien

Parts Used

• Leaves
• Flowers

Key Constituents

• Mucilage
• Flavonoids
• Triterpenoid saponins
• Tannins

Native Habitat

• Central Europe & Western Asia

Oat Straw

Oat Straw

Avena sativa

Alternative Names

• Common Oat

Health Benefits

• High in silica playing an important role in the formation of bone, collagen, and other connective tissue.
• May help improve bone health.
• Shown to help improve blood flow and overall heart health.
• May be beneficial in boosting brain function in older adults.

Products Featuring Oat Straw

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Saponins
• Alkaloids,
• Sterols
• Avenanthramides
• Flavonoids
• Polysaccharides
• Silicic Acid
• Vitamin B
• Calcium

Native Habitat

• Northern Europe

Olive

Olive

Olea europaea

Alternative Names

• Wild Olive

Health Benefits

• Potential to decrease pain and increase mobility.*
• Shown to help promotes bone health.*
• May support glucose levels within normal range by the insulin response effects, possibly due to improvements in pancreatic beta cell function and reduction in inflammatory mediators.*
• May positively effect lipid profiles by increasing serum levels of HDL cholesterol and decreasing triglyceride, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol.*
• May reduce platelet aggregation and serum cholesterol, thus lowering cardiovascular risk factors.*
• Beneficial effects for blood pressure and lipid profile.*
• May enhance liver lipid clearance.*

Part Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Oleuropein
• Comvita
• Hydroxytyrosol
• Ligstroside,
• I-Methyloleuropein
• Oleoside
• Flavanoids (apigenin, kaempferol, luteolin, and chrysoeriol)
• Phenolic Compounds (caffeic acid, tyrosol, and hydroxytyrosol)

Native Habitat

• Mediterranean, Africa, & Asia

Oyster Mushroom

Oyster Mushroom

Pleurotus ostreatus

Alternative Names

• Pearl Oysters

Health Benefits

• Promotes healthy cholesterol levels by decreasing cholesterol absorption.*
• Provides healthy lipid profiles by optimizing LDL/HDL ratios.*
• May provide health benefits for the cardiovascular-related complication by decreasing the atherogenic lipid profiles.*
• Possesses anti-inflammatory activities and could be considered a dietary agent against inflammation.*
• Oyster mushrooms are rich in many of the nutrients believed to enhance brain function.*

Products Featuring Oyster Mushroom

Parts Used

• Fruiting Body

Key Constituents

• β-glucan polysaccharides
• Lectins
• Laccase
• Ubiquitin-like protein
• Lovastatin
• Sterols
• Myconutrients

Native Habitat

• Subtropical and Temperate Forests Worldwide

Panax Ginseng

Panax Ginseng

Panax ginseng

Alternative Names

• Siberian Ginseng

Health Benefits

• Might lower blood glucose.*
• May reduce the markers of biological aging by increasing the copy number of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA).*
• May promote healthy inflammation levels by reducing levels of inflammatory cytokines.*
• May support a positive mood by reducing brain oxidative stress and downregulating serum corticosterone levels.*
• Believed to mediate nausea and vomiting.*
• Widely used as a general tonic or adaptogen for fighting stress.*
• May reduce the frequency of developing an acute respiratory illness.*
• Supports blood pressure in normal range by inhibiting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity.*
• Promotes a healthy cardiovascular system by encouraging arterial elasticity.*
• Supports cardiovascular systems by promoting a relaxing effect on smooth muscle induced by ginsenosides.*
• Promotes a healthy mood and anti-fatigue effect. Shows protective effects against hepatic injuries.*
• Enhances lipid metabolism.*
• May improve cognitive performance.*

Products Featuring Panax Ginseng

Parts Used

• Stems
• Leaves
• Roots

Key Constituents

• Ginsenosides
• Polysaccharides
• Peptides
• Polyacetylenic Alcohols
• Fatty Acids

Native Habitat

• Mediterranean

Passion Flower

Passion Flower

Passiflora incarnata

Alternative Names

• Maypop
• Wild Apricot

Health Benefits

• May help relieve restlessness and uneasiness associated with insomnia and anxiety.
• Shown to help boost levels of GABA in the brain lowering its activity increasing relaxation and promoting better sleep.
• Helps with occasional sleeplessness. Reieves stress and frustration.
• Supports stress resilience and maintain healthy HPA axis function.

Products Featuring Passion Flower

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Flavonoids (Vitexin, Isovitexin, Orientin, Isoorientin, Apigenin, Quercetin, Vicenin, Lucenin, Saponarin, Swertisin, Schaftoside, Kaempferol)
• Maltol
• Cyanogenic glycosides (gynocardin)
• Indole alkaloids (harman, harmol, harmin, harmalol, harmalin)

Native Habitat

• Southern United States

Pau D’arco

Pau D’arco

Tabebuia impetiginosa

Alternative Names

• Lapacho

Health Benefits

• Shown to inhibit the processes bacteria and fungi need to produce oxygen and energy inhibiting their growth.*
• May help lower levels of bodily inflammation by blocking the production of prevalent inflammatory compounds.*

Products Featuring Pau D'Arco

Part Used

• Bark

Key Constituents

• Quinones (lapachol)
• Bioflavonoids
• Lapachenole
• Carnosol
• Indoles
• Coenzyme Q10
• Alkaloids (Tecomine)
• Steroidal Saponins

Native Habitat

• South America

Perilla

Perilla

Perilla frutescens

Alternative Names

• Beefsteak Plant

Health Benefits

• Reduces symptoms of allergy such as atopic dermatitis and airway inflammation.*
• Appears to reduce the production of inflammatory mediators and mast cell activity.*
• The anti-inflammatory effects might explain the role of perilla leaf for gastrointestinal issues.*
• May increase beneficial gut bacteria.*

Products Featuring Perilla

Parts Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Triterpenoids (perillaldehyde, perillylalcohol, limonene, alpha-pinene, and trans-shisool)
• Anthocyanadin glucosides (shisonin and cyanin)
• Polyphenols (rosmarinic acid, adenine, and arginine,apigenin and luteolin)
• Flavones (shishonin and vicenin-2)

Native Habitat

• Asia

Pumpkin

Pumpkin

Cucurbita pepo

Alternative Names

• Texas Gourd

Health Benefits

• Rich source of many nutrients including vitamin E, B complex vitamins, carotenoids, unsaturated fatty acids, and minerals.*
• Good source of high-quality protein including the amino acids tryptophan and glutamate, which aid in promoting sleep and relieving anxiety.*
• Demonstrates diuretic effects.*
• May improve function of the kidneys, bladder and urethra, which can aid with symptoms of prostate gland enlargement.*
• May reduce occasional sleeplessness.*
• May help with stress and frustration.*

Products Featuring Pumpkin

Part Used

• Seeds

Key Constituents

• Linoleic acid
• Oleic acid
• Palmitic acid
• Stearic acid
• Cucurbitacins
• Cucurbitin
• Carotenoids (Lutein, Carotene, and beta-carotene)
• Vitamin E
• Zinc

Native Habitat

• North America

Pygeum

Pygeum

Pygeum africanum

Alternative Names

• African Plum Tree

Health Benefits

• May help prevent overgrowth of prostate cells that can cause an enlarged prostate through its antiproliferative effects and inhibition of certain growth factors.*
• Contains numerous beneficial compounds, such as phytosterols, that may promote anti-inflammatory activity.*
• May also help reduce occasional swelling.*
• Appears to improve contraction of the bladder and increases secretions by the epithelium of the prostate.*
• Promotes healthy urinary tract flow and frequency.*
• Helps maintain hormonal balance.*
• Provides nutrients that support prostate health.*

Products Featuring Pygeum

Parts Used

• Bark

Key Constituents

• Phytosterols (beta-sitosterol)
• Triterpenes (ursolic, oleanolic acid)
• Long-chain alcohols (n-tetracosanol)
• Tannins

Native Habitat

• Africa

Red Clover

Red Clover

Trifolium pratense

Alternative Names

• Beebread
• Clovone
• Cow Clover

Health Benefits

• Contains isoflavones, a type of phytoestrogen that mimic estrogen in the body.*
• Shown to help increase bone mineral density.*
• May help decrease the severity of menopausal symptoms.*
• May improve the texture, appearance, and overall quality of skin and hair.*
• Shown to help supports heart health in postmenopausal women.*

Products Featuring Red Clover

Parts Used

• Flower Heads

Key Constituents

• Isoflavones (Daidzein, Genistein, Biochannin-A, Formonentin)
• Estrogenic Flavonoids (Apigenin, Luteolin)
• Phenolic acid (salicylic acid)
• Methyl salicylate
• Benzyl Alcohol
• Sitosterol
• Fatty acids

Native Habitat

• Europe & Asia

Red Sage

Red Sage

Salvia miltiorrhiza

Alternative Names

• Danshen

Health Benefits

• Shown to increase the regeneration of hepatocytes and improve hepatic blood circulation.*
• Possesses therapeutic values after renal injury.*
• Supports healthy levels of liver markers.*
• Shown to inhibit both IL-6 and CRP.*
• Shown to have anti-inflammatory activity.*
• Promotes healthy circulation while providing anticoagulant properties.*
• Exhibits antiplatelet and fibrinolytic properties promoting normal blood viscosity and circulation.*

Products Featuring Red Sage

Parts Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Diterpene quinones (cryptotanshinone, tanshinones, and dihydrotanshinone)
• Danshensu
• Polyphenols (salvianolic acids, rosmarinic acid, protocatechuic acid, phenolic acids, lithospermic acid)

Native Habitat

• China

Reishi Mushroom

Reishi Mushroom

Ganoderma lucidum

Alternative Names

• Lingzhi

Health Benefits

• Modulates overall immune system function. Increases killer cell, T lymphocyte and macrophage activity along with cytokine and interleukin production.*
• Supports detoxification due to ability to increase enzyme activity.*
• Acts as an antioxidant and adaptogen.*
• Can decrease blood pressure through inhibition of the sympathetic nervous system. Inhibits cholesterol synthesis.*
• Supports healthy platelet aggregation.*
• Appears to increase cerebral blood flow and improve cellular oxygenation.*
• Helps protect against hepatotoxicity.*

Products Featuring Reishi Mushroom

Parts Used

• Fruiting Body

Key Constituents

• β-glucan polysaccharides
• Triterpenoids (ganoderic acid)

Native Habitat

• Asia

Rhodiola

Rhodiola

Rhodiola rosea

Alternative Names

• Goldenroot

Health Benefits

• May have the ability to reduce fatigue, increase energy, stamina, strength, and mental capacity, and increases resistance to chemical, biological, and physical stressors.*
• May protect against cognitive deficits.*
• Potential for improving learning and memory.*
• May have an anxiolytic-like effects.*
• May provide protection from stressors such as cold and radiation, increased work capacity, decreased fatigue, and improved learning and memory.*
• Helps the body cope with occasional stress and maintains healthy HPA axis function.*
• Supports healthy energy levels improving mental and physical performance.*

Products Featuring Rhodiola

Parts Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Phenylpropanoids (rosavin, rosarin, rosin, tyrosol glucoside salidroside, and tyrosol)
• Monoterpenes
• Triterpenes
• Tannins (gallic acid and caffeic acid)
• Chlorogenic acid
• Flavonoids (catechins, proanthocyanidins)

Native Habitat

• Europe & Asia

Rice

Rice

Oryza sativa

Alternative Names

• Paddy

Health Benefits

• Aids in weight management and helps with complications related to obesity.*
• May improve energy metabolism.*
• May reduce the risk of recurrent urinary stone.*
• May improve markers of intestinal inflammation.*
• May have positive effects on cholesterol levels.*
• May improve markers of atherogenicity and insulin resistance.*
• Shows evidence of antihistamine activity.*

Products Featuring Rice

Parts Used

• Outer Hull

Key Constituents

• Vitamins (thiamin, niacin)
• Minerals (zinc, phosphorus)
• Inositol (IP-6)
• gamma-oryzanol
• Tocotrienols

Native Habitat

• Worldwide

Sage

Sage

Salvia officinalis

Alternative Names

• Garden Sage

Health Benefits

• Rich in antioxidants that protect from cell mutations, oxidative stress and free radical damage.*
• Has antimicrobial properties that may neutralize unwanted microbes.*
• Shown to help reduce symptoms associated with menopause.*
• May help clear excess free fatty acids in the blood possibly reducing blood glucose levels.*
• Shown to help improve memory and support overall brain health.*

Products Featuring Sage

Part Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Thujone
• alpha-Pinene
• beta-Pinene
• Bornyl acetate
• Geraniol
• Limonene
• Camphene
• Linalool
• Terpineol
• gamma-Terpinene
• alpha-Humulene
• beta-Caryophyllene,
• Triterpenoids (Ursolic acid, Oleanolic acid, Monoterpenes, Sesquiterpenes)
• Flavonoids (Apigenin, Diosmetin, Luteolin)
• Phenolic acid
• Tannins

Native Habitat

• Mediterranean

Saw Palmetto

Saw Palmetto

Serenoa repens

Alternative Names

• American Dwarf Palm Tree

Health Benefits

• Exhibits anti-inflammatory properties by decreasing and inhibiting inflammatory markers, especially in prostatic tissue.*
• Prevents conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone.*
• Helps limit prostate growth by shrinking the inner epithelium and inhibiting the fibroblast growth.*
• Helps prevent expression of androgens.*

Products Featuring Saw Palmetto

Part Used

• Berries

Key Constituents

• Lipids (Lauric, Myristic, Oleic acids, Triglycerides, Diglycerides, Monoglycerides, phyto-Sterols, beta-Sitosterol)
• Flavonoids
• Polysaccharides

Native Habitat

• Southeastern United States

Schisandra

Schisandra

Schisandra chinesis

Alternative Names

• Magnolia Vine

Health Benefits

• Contains vitamins C and E and demonstrates antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.*
• Appears to have hepatoprotective effects.*
• Improves liver function.*
• Promotes the growth of hepatocytes.*
• May increase glycogen production in the liver.*
• Appears to inhibit lipid peroxidation and platelet aggregation.*
• Acts as an adaptogen.*
• Demonstrates antidepressant activity and reduces fatigue showing ability to increase concentration, coordination and endurance.*

Products Featuring Schisandra

Part Used

Berries

Key Constituents

• Lignans (Schizandrins, Schizandrols, Gomisins, Schizandrers, Schisantherins, Wuweizisus, Deoxyschizandrin)
• Citral
• Phytosterols (beta-Sitosterol, Stigmasterol)
• Vitamin C
• Vitamin E

Native Habitat

• Northeastern China

Shiitake Mushroom

Shiitake Mushroom

Lentinula edodes

Alternative Names

• Snake Butter

Health Benefits

• Contains Eritadenine, Sterols, and beta-Glucans that may help boost heart health by lowering cholesterol absorption.
• Shown to help strengthen the immune system by improving immune markers.
• May help fight off infections and promote bone health.

Products Featuring Shiitake Mushroom

Parts Used

• Fruiting Body

Key Constituents

• β-glucan polysaccharides
• Eritadinine

Native Habitat

• East Asia

Stinging Nettle

Stinging Nettle

Urtica dioica

Alternative Names

• Common Nettle

Health Benefits

• Potential anti-inflammatory effects.*
• May benefit prostate cellular health.*
• Supports mictional difficulties.*
• Supports a healthy cardiovascular system.*
• Believed to reduce the prostates abnormal cellular growth.*
• Contains beta-sitosterol, which may have antiproliferative effects on the prostate, possibly by inhibiting growth factors.*
• Preliminary evidence also shows that extracts of stinging nettle may inhibit prostate tissue growth.*
• May inhibits the sodium-potassium pump in prostatic hyperplastic tissue which may reduce prostate cell metabolism and growth.*
• May relieve the symptoms of benign prostatic hypertrophy.*
• May prevent and resolve the formation of urinary stones.*
• Can help lower systolic blood pressure as well as relieve tension and stress in the cardiovascular system.*
• May neutralize acids and excrete toxins through the urine.*
• May stimulate the lymphatic system, which supports the kidneys in removing toxins from the body.*
• May alleviate a variety of seasonal allergies and significantly reduce allergic reactions.*
• May block histamine H1 receptors, nettle inhibits tryptase, which lowers mast cell degranulation and the release of proinflammatory cytokines.*
• May help reduce cramps and bloating during menstruation.*

Products Featuring Stining Nettle

Parts Used

• Root
• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Flavonoids (quercetin, rutin, kaempferol)
• Phenolic acids
• Amino acid
• Carotenoids
• Polysaccharides
• Fatty acids
• Vitamins (C, K)
• Minerals (potassium, calcium, magnesium)

Native Habitat

• Worldwide

Thyme

Thyme

Thymus vulgaris

Alternative Names

• Garden Thyme

Health Benefits

• Demonstrates antimicrobial activity against various Candida species.*
• Has antioxidant activity helping to prevent changes in the arterial lining.*
• May prevent platelet aggregation.*
• Acts as an anti-inflammatory.*
• Appears to improve wound healing.*
• Exhibits antiallergic and antispasmodic effects.*

Products Featuring Thyme

Part Used

• Leaves

Key Constituents

• Thymol
• Methylchavicol
• Cineole
• Borneol
• Flavonoids (Apigenin, Luteolin)
• Tannins

Native Habitat

• Southern Europe

Tinospora

Tinospora

Tinospora cordifolia

Alternative Names

• Moonseed

Health Benefits

• Helps to reduce allergic rhinitis, and is thought to produce immunostimulatory effects and decrease mast cell release of histamine.
• Potential to reduce urinary excretion of various nutrients, especially pyridoxine, niacin, and biotin.
• May be used to limit the metabolic changes that occur with aging and menopause.

Products Featuring Tinospora

Parts Used

• Aerial Parts

Key Constituents

• Alkaloids (berberine, palmitine, tembertarine, magniflorin, tinosporide, tinosporic acid, tinosporol, and protoberberine)
• Diterpenoid lactones
• Glycosides
• Steroids
• Sesquiterpenoid
• Phenolics
• Aliphatic compounds
• Polysaccharides (alpha-glucan)
• Minerals (calcium, phosphorus)

Native Habitat

• India, Africa & Australia

Turkey Tail Mushroom

Turkey Tail Mushroom

Coriolus versicolor

Alternative Names

• Many-zoned Polypore

Health Benefits

• Has antioxidant effects.
• May improve immune function by increasing white cell, natural killer cell, and antibody levels.
• May modulate cytokine production.
• Shown to help strengthen and stimulate the immune system.
• May be beneficial for viral and bacterial infections.

Products Featuring Turkey Tail Mushroom

Parts Used

• Fruiting Body

Key Constituents

• Polysaccharide krestin (PSK)
• Polysaccharide peptide (PSP)
• Triterpenoids (oleanolic acid, friedelin, glutinol, ursolic acid, corosolic acid, esculentic acid, lupeol, and betulinic acid)
• Sterols (cerevisterol)
• Ribonucleotides (dihydrouridine, deoxyuridine)
• Phenols (vanillic acid, viridoside, and benzoic acid derivatives)
• Glycosides (ethylglucopyranoside, nigerose, and trehalose)
• Furans (methoxyfurfural)

Native Habitat

• North America

Turmeric

Turmeric

Curcuma longa

Alternative Names

• Haldi

Health Benefits

• Shows anti-inflammatory activity, which appears to result from inhibition of COX-2 enzymes, prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and other cytokines involved in inflammation.*
• Demonstrates antioxidant effects and may stimulate the immune system.*
• May have antithrombotic effects by inhibiting platelets.*
• Appears to decrease levels of protein and plaque in the brain.*
• In combination with proteolytic enzymes may enhance curcumin absorption.*
• Supports joint integrity and movement by protecting cartilage cells and enhancing collagen synthesis for healthy connective tissue.*

Products Featuring Turmeric

Parts Used

• Rhizome

Key Constituents

• Curcumin (Diferuloylmethane)
• Emethoxycurcumin
• Bisdemethoxycurcumin
• Sesquiterpenes
• Tumerones
• Zinigiberen
• Turmerone
• Fatty acids
• Oleic acid,
• Linoleic acid
• Linolenic acid

Native Habitat

• India & Southern Asia

Valerian

Valerian

Valeriana officinalis

Alternative Names

• All-Heal
• Amantilla

Health Benefits

• Increases the amount of GABA in the brain which inhibits unwanted nervous system activity resulting in the ability to fall asleep faster and improve overall sleep quality
• Has been shown to provide relief with stress and frustration.
• May help reduce the severity and frequency of hot flashes in menopausal women.
• May reduce the severity of symptoms associated with PMS.
• May support the occasional sleeplessness.

Products Featuring Valerian

Part Used

• Root

Key Constituents

• Bornyl acetate
• beta-Caryphyllene
• Iridoids (Valepotriates, Valtrate, Isovaltrate)
• Alkaloids
• Valerenic Acids (Valepotriates, Isovaltrates, Isovaleric acids)

Native Habitat

• Europe & Northern Asia

White Willow

White Willow

Salix alba

Alternative Names

• Basket Willow
• Bay Willow

Health Benefits

• May be helpful at reducing inflammation in the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and joints.*
• Shown to reduce mild mood changes, cramps, and edema associated with the mestrual cycle.*
• High tannin content can help soothe the stomach and prevent gastrointestinal distress.*
• Supports healthy joints and cartilage.*
• Assists in relieving symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) including cramps and other PMS symptoms.*

Products Featuring White Willow

Part Used

• Bark

Key Constituents

• Phenolic glycosides (Salicylic acid)
• Flavonoids
• Apigenin
• beta-Carotene
• Catechin
• Salicin,
• Tannins
• Minerals (calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, zinc
• Vitamins (B, C)

Native Habitat

Europe, North Africa, & Asia

Enzymes

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alpha-Galactosidase

alpha-Galactosidase

Origin

Aspergillus niger

Key Function*

Hydrolyzes indigestible oligosaccharides (raffinose, stachyose, verbascose and melibiose) found in foods such as beans, grains, and hard-to-digest vegetables (broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprouts) into simple sugars. Raffinose sugars often causes gas and bloating when the body does not produce enough of this enzyme.

Amylase

Amylase

Origin

Aspergillus oryzae

Key Function*

Breaks down starch, a complex carbohydrate found predominately in foods like breads, cereals, pasta, rice, potatoes, peas, beans and corn, into soluble dextrins, maltose and glucose. Although the salivary glands and pancreas produce this enzyme, a diet, health and/or age-related amylase deficiency can occur which may result in fatigue and sugar cravings as well as gas and constipation. When taken on an empty stomach, it may assist in maintaining healthy metabolic and immune functions.

beta-Glucanase

beta-Glucanase

Origin

Trichonderna reesei

Key Function*

Hydrolyzes beta glucans (non-digestible polysaccharides) primarily found in oats, barley, wild rice and other whole grains, algae, and mushrooms, into smaller glucose subunits. Not naturally produced by the body, this enzyme helps maintain normal intestinal peristalsis and breaks down fungal cell walls including Candida supporting a healthy microflora balance in the colon.

Bromelain

Bromelain

Origin

Ananas comosus

Key Function*

Consists of cysteine protease derived from pineapple. This enzyme has a long history of safe and effective use in helping to reduce the swelling and discomfort associated with soft tissue trauma. Also, it may be found in digestive enzyme supplements to break down dietary protein.

Catalase

Catalase

Origin

Aspergillus niger

Key Function*

Protects against oxidative stress by acting on hydrogen peroxide, a free radical, quickly reducing it to water and oxygen. The body produces this enzyme but with age the body is unable to keep up with the demand.

Products Featuring Catalase

Cellulase

Cellulase

Origin

Trichonderna reesei, Aspergillus niger

Key Function*

Breaks down cellulose or fiber in foods derived from plant sources like grains, fruits and vegetables, into short-chain polysaccharides and glucose. Not naturally produced by the body, this enzyme enhances the bioavailability of nutrients bound by plant fiber, relieves the intestinal discomfort often associated with high fiber diets, and degrades fungal cell walls including Candida promoting a healthy microflora balance in the colon.

Diastase

Diastase

Origin

Aspergillus oryzae

Key Function*

Releases the disaccharide, maltose, from the ends of long starch chains found in foods like breads, cereals, pasta, rice, potatoes, peas, beans, and corn. This enzyme works well with amylase and glucoamylase for more complete digestion of starch.

Glucoamylase

Glucoamylase

Origin

Aspergillus niger

Key Function*

Hydrolyzes glycosidic bonds on the reducing ends of starch molecules sequentially releasing glucose. Combined with amylase and diastase, this enzyme promotes more complete digestion of starch in grain-containing foods and starchy vegetables.

Hemicellulase

Hemicellulase

Origin

Aspergillus niger

Key Function*

Breaks down hemicellulose, a complex mixture of polysaccharides including xylans, arabinoxylans, mannans, galactomannins and glucomannins, found in fruits, vegetables and most grains, into smaller polysaccharides and glucose. Although not naturally produced by the body, this enzyme is needed when plant-derived food is consumed in order to optimize nutrient absorption, intestinal peristalsis and prebiotic availability. It also degrades fungal cell walls including Candida promoting a healthy microflora balance in the colon.

Invertase

Invertase

Origin

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Key Function*

Digests the disaccharide, sucrose, into two monosaccharides, glucose and fructose. Sucrose, the scientific name for table sugar, is used to sweeten many processed foods. This enzyme augments the function of the body's own sucrase, which is secreted by healthy intestinal villi but is often deficient due to excessive sugar consumption or a gastrointestinal disorder resulting in intestinal discomfort.

Lactase

Lactase

Origin

Aspergillus oryzae

Key Function*

Digests the disaccharide, lactose, into two monosaccharides, glucose, and galactose. Lactose is the sugar found in dairy products and is often used as an additive in other foods. This enzyme supplements the lactase naturally produced by the cells that line the small intestines. A deficiency of lactase, either due to age or ethnicity, can result in lactose intolerance and its associated diarrhea, nausea, and stomach cramps.

Lipase

Lipase

Origin

Rhizopus oryzae, Candida rugosa

Key Function*

Breaks down fats and oils in foods such as hard cheeses, butter, salmon, flax seeds, avocados, fried foods, and baked goods. Dietary fat predominately consists of triglycerides which this enzyme digests at the 1, 2, and 3 positions producing a mixture of di- and monoglycerides and free fatty acids. Supplemental lipase works with the body's own salivary, gastric, and pancreatic lipases to increase essential fatty acid and fat-soluble vitamin availability and absorption as well as relieve occasional gas or irregularity resulting from poor fat digestion.

Maltase

Maltase

Origin

Rhizopus oryzae

Key Function*

Digests the disaccharide, maltose, into the monsaccharide, glucose. Maltose is naturally found in wheat, cornmeal, barley and several other grains as well as in fruits and sweet potatoes. Maltose is often used as an added sweetener in processed foods such as breakfast cereals and hard candies. This enzyme supplements the maltase naturally produced by cells lining the small intestines. Maltose is the predominant end-product of the breakdown of starch by amylase, diastase and glucoamylase meaning adequate maltase is needed to obtain glucose from dietary starch for use in energy metabolism.

Nattokinase

Nattokinase

Origin

Bacillus subtilis nattō

Key Function*

Breaks down fibrin, a major component of blood clots, helping to protect against thrombi accumulation on blood vessel walls facilitating healthy coronary and peripheral blood flow. This enzyme is extracted from fermented natto (soybeans) and has been used for centuries to promote cardiovascular health.

Products Featuring Nattokinase

Pectinase

Pectinase

Origin

Aspergillus niger

Key Function*

Breaks down pectin, a large polysaccharide abundantly found in the cell walls of fruit. This enzyme not only digests dietary pectin into smaller polysaccharides and usable simple sugars but also helps releases nutrients bound within the cells for absorption by the body.

Peptidase

Peptidase

Origin

Aspergillus oryzae

Key Function*

Digests smaller peptide chains (dipeptides and tripeptides) derived from the hydrolysis of large dietary protein molecules into free amino acids. This enzyme is uniquely high in DPPIV activity which signifies its ability to break down difficult-to-digest proline bonds in gluten (found in grains) and casein (found in milk). When taken on an empty stomach, it promotes a healthy inflammatory response.

Phytase

Phytase

Origin

Aspergillus niger

Key Function*

Breaks down phytates, compounds found in edible seeds, grains, legumes, and nuts that bind calcium, magnesium, iron, copper, and zinc. This enzyme releases these minerals thereby increasing their bioavailability.

Protease

Protease

Origin

Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus oryzae, Bacillus subtilis

Key Function*

Consists of complex combinations of serine and aspartic acid proteolytic enzymes to assist the body's own gastric, pancreatic and intestinal proteases in hydrolyzing protein found in foods such as eggs, meat, fish, nuts, oats, milk, cottage cheese, and protein supplements. Depending upon the specific need, these enzyme blends can digest dietary protein in the alkaline, neutral and/or acidic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, helping to relieve the occasional indigestion, gas and/or constipation resulting from an inability to digest protein. When taken on an empty stomach, it promotes a healthy inflammatory response.

Serratiopeptidase

Serratiopeptidase

Origin

Serratia marcescens

Key Function*

Helps manage the swelling and discomfort associated with inflammation and promotes tissue repair. In addition, this enzyme is beneficial to the respiratory tract by helping to maintain normal mucus secretions and immune cell activity.

Xylanase

Xylanase

Origin

Trichonderna longibrachiatum

Key Function*

Breaks down xylan, one of the most abundant fibrous components of cereal grains including wheat, rice, barley, oats, rye, and corn. Not produced by the body, this enzyme releases nutrients bound within plant cells for absorption and helps relieve intestinal discomfort often associated with a high fiber diet. It also degrades fungal cell walls including Candida promoting a healthy microflora balance in the colon.

Minerals

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Boron

Boron

Source

Boron Citrate

Key Benefits*

Helps increase the absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorous. May increase estrogen levels in older men and women. May aid in maintaining healthy bones and mental function. Has antioxidant effects.

Products Featuring Boron

Calcium

Calcium

Source

Calcium Ascorbate, Calcium Citrate-Malate, Calcium Citrate

Key Benefits*

Aids in growing new bone and maintaining healthy strong bones. May help maintain healthy blood pressure levels. Needed for blood clotting, transmission of nerve cell signals, and muscle contractions.

Chromium

Chromium

Source

Chromium Polynicotinate, Chromium Citrate

Key Benefits*

Helps the body maintain normal blood sugar levels. Helps maintain healthy levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL).

Copper

Copper

Source

Copper Gluconate, Copper Citrate

Key Benefits*

Helps make red blood cells and protect cells from damage. Supports a healthy immune system and keeps nerve cells healthy and active. Promotes the formation of collagen. Essential for the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Helps activate superoxide dismutase (SOD), an important antioxidant enzyme.

Products Featuring Copper

Iodine

Iodine

Source

Potassium Iodide, Kelp

Key Benefits*

Needed to make thyroid hormones, necessary for maintaining normal metabolism in all cells in the body.

Products Featuring Iodine

Magnesium

Magnesium

Source

Magnesium Caprylate, Magnesium Malate, Magnesium Aspartate

Key Benefits*

Helps maintain a healthy heart rhythm and blood pressure levels. Needed for bone, protein, and fatty-acid formation. Required for insulin secretion and function. Essential for the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Manganese

Manganese

Source

Manganese Citrate

Key Benefits*

Essential for healthy skin, bone, and cartilage formation. Supports healthy glucose tolerance. Helps activate superoxide dismutase (SOD), an important antioxidant enzyme.

Potassium

Potassium

Source

Potassium Aspartate

Key Benefits*

Necessary to regulate water balance and levels of acidity. Helps maintain healthy blood pressure levels. Essential for neuromuscular function. Required for carbohydrate and protein metabolism.

Products Featuring Potassium

Selenium

Selenium

Source

L-Selenomethionine, Selenium Citrate

Key Benefits*

Needed for the activation of glutathione peroxidase, a cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. Essential for the activation of thyroid hormones.

Zinc

Zinc

Source

Zinc Citrate, Zinc L-Carnosine, Zinc Monomethionine, Zinc Picolinate

Key Benefits*

Assists in healing wounds and reproducing cells. Needed for the synthesis of protein. Helps boost immunity and protect against free radicals.

Nutrients

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5-HTP

5-HTP

(5-Hydroxytryptophan)

Source

Key Benefits*

Products Featuring 5-HTP

Acetyl-L-Carnitine

Acetyl-L-Carnitine

Source

Acetylated form of L-carnitine derived from the amino acids, lysine, and methionine

Key Benefits*

An amino acid derivative that helps maintain healthy neuron regeneration and neuronal membrane stability. May have a beneficial impact on the brain by promoting normal acetylcholine, serotonin and dopamine release. Plays an important role in lipid metabolism, glucose utilization and energy production.

Products Featuring Acetyl-L-Carnitine

alpha-Lipoic Acid

alpha-Lipoic Acid

Source

Derived from adipic acid

Key Benefits*

An antioxidant compound that aids in reducing oxidative stress by scavenging free radicals both intra- and extra-cellularly as well as by regenerating vital endogenous antioxidants. Involved in the modulation of the inflammatory response. Shown to help maintain healthy nerve function, normal triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and effective blood sugar control.

Products Featuring alpha-Lipoic Acid

Berberine HCl

Berberine HCl

Key Benefits*

beta-Sitosterol

beta-Sitosterol

Source

Extracted from soybean oil (Glycine max)

Key Benefits*

A plant sterol that has been shown to significantly inhibit the intestinal absorption of cholesterol promoting normal blood levels of cholesterol. May have anti-proliferative effects on the prostate helping to maintain healthy prostate size and function. Reported to block hormone synthesis and conversion associated with male hair loss.

Products Featuring beta-Sitosterol

Caprylic Acid

Caprylic Acid

Source

Magnesium caprylate is derived from palm oil (Elaeis guineensis)

Key Benefits*

A beneficial medium-chain fatty acid with antimicrobial and antifungal properties, particularly effective against Candida. May help maintain a healthy balance of microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract.

Products Featuring Caprylic Acid

Citrus Bioflavonoids

Citrus Bioflavonoids

Source

Key Benefits*

Products Featuring Citrus Bioflavonoids

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10

Source

Submerged fermentation of Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Key Benefits*

A fat-soluble compound that has been shown to exhibit powerful antioxidant properties. Has a primary role in the generation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) essential for energy production. Helps maintain healthy cardiovascular parameters including myocardial energy metabolism, plasma cholesterol levels, lipid peroxidation, blood clotting, and endothelial function. Promotes normal inflammatory response. May act as an immune stimulant and hepatoprotective agent.

Products Featuring Coenzyme Q10

D-Glucosamine HCL

D-Glucosamine HCL

D-Mannose

D-Mannose

Source

Key Benefits*

Products Featuring D-Mannose

DIM

DIM

(Diindolymethane)

Source

Condensation of indole and aromatic aldehydes

Key Benefit*

A metabolite of indole-3-carbinol that helps balance the different forms of estrogen promoting a healthy estrogen effect which is particularly beneficial during menopause and PMS. Shown to assist in blocking the conversion of testosterone to estrogen protecting against prostate issues. May have a positive impact on the inflammatory process and skin health.

Products Featuring DIM (Diindolylmethane)

Diosmin

Diosmin

Source

Key Benefits*

Products Featuring Diosmin

GABA

GABA

(gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)

Source

Decarboxylation of the amino acid, l-glutamic acid

Key Benefits*

A non-protein amino acid that functions as an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Exerts relaxant, sedative and neuroprotective effects helping to combat excessive neural stimulation. May assist in maintaining the normal release of other neurotransmitters including norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin.

Products Featuring GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid)

Genistein

Genistein

Source

Key Benefits*

Products Featuring Genistein

Huperzine A

Huperzine A

Source

Extracted from Chinese club moss (Huperzia serrata)

Key Benefits*

A plant alkaloid shown to have a beneficial effect on memory and cognitive function by helping to maintain normal levels of the primary neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, in the brain. Acts as an antioxidant protecting against oxidative stress induced by beta-amyloid peptides which may have a neuroprotective effect.

Products Featuring Huperzine A

Inositol

Inositol

Source

Myo-Inositol

Key Benefits*

Required for the proper formation of healthy cell membranes. Important for the stimulation of nerve cell transmission. Helps transport fats within the body. May modestly improve lipid parameters, blood pressure, and insulin resistance.

Products Featuring Inositol

L-Carnitine

L-Carnitine

Source

L-Carnitine tartrate derived from the amino acids, lysine and methionine

Key Benefits*

An amino acid derivative that plays a vital role in all cells supporting energy production from fatty acids. Has been shown to have a beneficial effect on the function and structural integrity of the heart. Possesses antioxidant properties including the ability to chelate metals which interferes with the formation of reactive oxygen species. Promotes normal inflammatory cytokine acitivity, lipoprotein levels and exercise tolerance. May help maintain efficient glucose utilization and protect against protein glycation.

Products Featuring L-Carnitine

L-Carnosine

L-Carnosine

Source

Key Benefits*

Products Featuring L-Carnosine

L-Theanine

L-Theanine

Source

Submerged fermentation of Corynebacterium glutamicum

Key Benefits*

A nonessential amino acid that has been shown to have a beneficial effect on cognitive performance, memory and learning, under stressful conditions. Acts as a precursor for the synthesis of thyroxine, melanin, and catecholamines including norepinephrine and dopamine which may help maintain healthy thyroid, skin and mood

Products Featuring L-Theanine

L-Tyrosine

L-Tyrosine

Source

Submerged fermentation of Corynebacterium glutamicum

Key Benefits*

A nonessential amino acid that has been shown to have a beneficial effect on cognitive performance, memory and learning, under stressful conditions. Acts as a precursor for the synthesis of thyroxine, melanin, and catecholamines including norepinephrine and dopamine which may help maintain healthy thyroid, skin and mood

Products Featuring L-Tyrosine

Lecithin

Lecithin

Source

Extracted from soybean oil (Glycine max)

Key Benefits*

A phospholipid mixture known for its ability to help maintain normal cholesterol profiles, homocysteine levels, energy metabolism and cell membrane integrity which supports cardiovascular health. Supplies choline, a precursor for the important neurotransmitter acetylcholine, promoting neuronal function and cognitive health. May have a beneficial effect on the gallbladder, liver and mucosal lining of the intestines.

Products Featuring Lecithin

Lutein

Lutein

Source

Extracted from marigold (Tagetes erecta)

Key Benefits*

A carotenoid that functions as an antioxidant helping protect the body from oxidative stress . May act as a filter reducing the damaging effects of UV radiation which has been shown to benefit eye and skin health.

Products Featuring Lutein

Lycopenes

Lycopenes

Source

Extracted from tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum)

Key Benefits*

A fat-soluble carotenoid that may play a role in normalizing prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels. Exhibits potent antioxidant properties helping protect the body from oxidative damage due to free radicals. Shown to assist in reducing the burning effects of ultraviolet rays on the skin.

Products Featuring Lycopenes

Melatonin

Melatonin

Source

Derived from the amino acid, L‐tryptophan

Key Benefits*

A hormone that promotes optimum sleep quality by helping to shorten the time it takes to fall asleep, to reduce the number of night awakenings, and to increase the time spent in REM sleep. Shown to protect against oxidative damage under a variety of conditions in which excessive free radicals are produced. Helps maintain normal levels of several important hormones including cortisol, thyroid and reproductive hormones.

Products Featuring Melatonin

MSM

MSM

(Methylsulfonylmethane)

Source

Catalytic reactions of sulfur, methane and oxygen derivatives

Key Benefits*

An organosulfur compound that supports healthy joint and disc function by helping to maintain adequate cartilage and a normal inflammatory response. Provides sulfur essential for the production of collagen in connective tissue and keratin in skin, hair and nails. May assist in boosting immunity by playing a key role in the production of the master antioxidant, glutathione, which combats cellular damage caused by oxidative stress.

Products Featuring MSM (methylsulfonylmethane)

N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine

N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine

Source

Key Benefits*

Products Featuring N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine

Phosphatidylserine

Phosphatidylserine

Source

Enzymatically derived from soybean lecithin and the amino acid, l-serine

Key Benefits*

A phospholipid that helps maintain healthy lipid content in the neuronl membranes in the brain which has a normalizing effect on neurotransmitter function. May be beneficial for memory retention in the elderly. May help reduce stress induced by exercise or mental tasks.

Products Featuring Phosphatidylserine

Quercetin

Quercetin

Source

Extracted from the Japanese pagoda tree (Sophora japonica)

Key Benefits*

A flavonoid that acts as a powerful antioxidant protecting the body from free radical damage. Promotes normal inflammatory cytokine and histamine release. Has a beneficial effect on prostate, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, brain, eye and metabolic health.

Probiotics

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Bifidobacterium animalis lactis

Bifidobacterium animalis lactis

Key Benefits*

Commonly found in the intestinal tract. Helps strengthen the body’s immune response to microbial and environmental challenges through its interaction with immune cells in the intestinal tract. Assists in maintaining healthy colonization of the intestinal tract by producing lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide and other substances that create an environment too acidic for harmful microorganisms to survive. Plays a key role in protecting the integrity of the intestinal barrier by effectively colonizing the intestinal tract which helps prevent damage to the mucosal epithelium, reduce the ability for attachment of undesirable bacteria, and suppress bacterial translocation. Promotes normal bowel function, helping to relieve intestinal discomfort and other symptoms often present in acute and chronic bowel conditions. Supplements the free radical scavenging activities of the body’s antioxidant enzymes. Produces short chain fatty acids needed to maintain colon health.

Products Featuring Bifidobacterium animalis lactis

Bifidobacterium bifidum

Bifidobacterium bifidum

Key Benefits*

Most prevalent probiotic in the body, predominantly found in the large intestine. Supports digestive and metabolic health by producing B-vitamins and helping in the assimilation of food nutrients. Produces lactase to help breakdown milk sugar which may be of benefit in reducing lactose intolerance. Assists in preventing an overgrowth of harmful bacteria and yeast in the intestinal tract by producing lactic and acetic acids which lowers the pH making the region undesirable to them, and by competing with them for nutrients and attachment sites. Promotes recolonization by beneficial microorganisms after antibiotic use or other causes of microflora imbalance. May help in the dietary management of liver conditions by inhibiting bacteria that produce toxic substances in the intestinal tract.

Products Featuring Bifidobacterium bifidum

Bifidobacterium breve

Bifidobacterium breve

Key Benefits*

An occupant of the gastrointestinal tracts of infants and adults. Promotes healthy digestion and absorption of food nutrients. Produces B-vitamins and lactase which may be used in energy metabolism and to help reduce lactose intolerance, respectively. Shown to modulate immune and inflammatory responses which may be of benefit in attenuating food intolerances and undesirable reactions to environmental allergens. Contributes to preventing a proliferation of harmful microorganisms in the intestinal tract by actively supporting colonization by good bacteria which compete for nutrients and crowd out bad bacteria. Produces enzymes and organic acids that further inhibit colonization by detrimental microorganisms. Helps normalize bowel function, potentially diminishing intestinal discomfort due to microflora imbalances. Assists in the maintenance of healthy fat metabolism.

Products Featuring Bifidobacterium breve

Bifidobacterium lactis

Bifidobacterium lactis

Key Benefits*

An integral part of the microflora in the large intestines. Helps normalize gastrointestinal transit time and stool consistency following antibiotic use or other causes of dysbiosis. May have a beneficial effect on acute and chronic bowel conditions, relieving intestinal discomfort and other functional gastrointestinal symptoms. Produces significant amounts of lactase which can potentially reduce lactose intolerance. Protects mucosal barrier function by helping to maintain normal intestinal wall permeability and anti-inflammatory cytokine levels, both of which may benefit many immune-mediated health issues. May assist in maintaining normal blood levels of glucose, cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins. Shown to have a positive impact on immune responses, especially to seasonal allergens.

Products Featuring Bifidobacterium lactis

Bifidobacterium longum

Bifidobacterium longum

Key Benefits*

A natural inhabitant of both the small and large intestines. Promotes healthy microflora balance in the intestinal tract by producing various antimicrobial substances, including acetic and lactic acids, and forming resilient colonies, both of which help prevent the overgrowth of harmful bacteria and yeast including E. coli, Campylobacter, Enterococcus and Candida. Helps recolonize the intestines with beneficial bacteria following antibiotic use or other causes of dysbiosis. Plays an integral role in maintaining healthy intestinal epithelium and a strong intestinal barrier. Supports healthy digestion and metabolism by producing enzymes to help break down food, facilitating the absorption of key nutrients, synthesizing essential vitamins and metabolizing macronutrients. May contribute to immune system modulation by stimulating intestinal lymphocytes, macrophages and natural killer cells. Shown to have a beneficial effect on immune responses to seasonal allergies.

Products Featuring Bifidobacterium longum

Lacticaseibacillus casei

Lacticaseibacillus casei

Key Benefits*

Found in both the mouth and small intestines. Supports the growth and colonization of other beneficial microorganisms, especially Lactobacillus acidophilus, in the intestinal and urogenital tracts. Assists in restoring normal intestinal microflora following antibiotic use or other cause of dysbiosis. Encourages mucin production, needed for normal intestinal barrier function. May play a role in boosting non-specific cellular and humoral immunity by stimulating natural killer cell, lymphocyte and macrophage activity. Helps maintain normal inflammatory responses, especially to environmental allergens. Promotes healthy digestion by helping to break down food, improving the bioavailability of essential nutrients and reducing the occurrence of food intolerances including lactose intolerance.

Products Featuring Lacticaseibacillus paracasei

Lacticaseibacillus paracasei

Lacticaseibacillus paracasei

Key Benefits*

Prevalent in the mouth and small intestines. Shown through multiple clinical studies to improve overall quality of life by helping to relieve the undesirable effects of immune responses to environmental allergens. May help decrease skin sensitivity by modulating skin immunity. Promotes the growth and colonization of beneficial Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli in the intestinal tract. Assists in recolonizing the intestinal tract with beneficial bacteria following antibiotic use or other cause of dysbiosis. Supports healthy digestion, absorption of nutrients, energy metabolism and lipid synthesis. Helps maintain a strong intestinal barrier to harmful microorganisms by promoting epithelial cell growth and integrity.

Products Featuring Lacticaseibacillus paracasei

Lactiplantibacillus plantarum

Lactiplantibacillus plantarum

Key Benefits*

A transient probiotic shown to be resistant to many antibiotics. Supports microflora balance in the small intestines, helping to maintain species diversity. Acts to inhibit the overgrowth of harmful microorganisms by producing bacteriocins to destroy the microbes and lactic acid to make the intestinal tract too acidic for the reproduction of undesirable bacteria and yeast. Encourages mucin production and epithelial repair needed to maintain the integrity of the intestinal mucosa. Shown to participate in the modulation of systemic immunity and cytokine balance. Promotes normal bowel regularity and stool consistency as well as healthy inflammatory responses which may assist in relieving occasional or recurring colon concerns. Benefits digestion, helping to ease food intolerances including lactose intolerance. May have a positive impact on maintaining normal blood glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Possesses the potential to have a beneficial effect on everyday stress and cognitive function.

Products Featuring Lactiplantibacillus plantarum

Lactobacillus acidophilus

Lactobacillus acidophilus

Key Benefits*

The most researched and clinically-proven probiotic. Helps create a healthy environment for beneficial microflora in the intestinal and urogenital tracts by producing bacteriocins, organic acids and other anti-microbial substances, naturally inhibiting the overgrowth of harmful bacteria and yeast, including E. coli, Staphylococcus, Salmonella, Candida and H. pylori. Displaces undesirable microorganisms during colonization while competing for nutrients and attachment sites. Assists in maintaining healthy intestinal epithelium thereby strengthening intestinal barrier function in suppressing bacterial translocation. May modulate non-specific cellular and humoral immunity as well as inflammatory cytokine balance. Promotes normal bowel regularity and stool consistency, restoring microflora balance following antibiotic use or other cause of dysbiosis. Supports digestion, absorption and metabolism of food nutrients and may relieve occasional digestive distress. Produc